Sermons on 5th Commandment
In Deuteronomy 18:9-22 Moses speaks of a “prophet like Moses”, like himself, whom God will raise up. This prophet, who is the Lord Jesus Christ (see part 1), is the one who perfectly reveals God, identifies with his people, works great wonders among them, and saves them from their sins. In all of these things, Christ is not only like Moses but actually far surpasses him.
In Deuteronomy 18:1-8 Moses gives instructions concerning contributions for the Levites. Because they maintain the worship of God, they are to receive support from sacrifices brought to the sanctuary. The same principle applies to those who preach the gospel (1 Cor. 9:13-14). Ultimately, failing to support those who labor in the worship of God is a sign of spiritual weakness.
In Deuteronomy 17:14-20 Moses details the laws for the king. In contrast to the nations around Israel, these laws severely limit the power of the king because the king himself must recognize God’s superior power, that is, the king himself is under the law of God. This has implications for government today. As Samuel Rutherford argued “The Law is King”. The biblical form of government is limited.
Justice is something easily misunderstood. All seek to do what is right and just, but what does the Bible say about justice? In Deuteronomy 16:18-17:13 Moses addresses this issue as he begins to expound the 5th commandment. Justice is ultimately found in the just judge of all the Earth, God Himself, who will judge the world in righteousness. Biblical justice is a reflection of Him. In describing this justice, Moses points to it being free from bribery or partiality. …